The US media reported that Beijing’s “14th Five-Year Plan” (2021-2025) draft plan for national economic development in the next 5 years proposes to expand artificial intelligence, quantum computing, and other 7 scientific and technological fields involving Guoan. This move is quite competitive with the United States. , And even a decisive battle for national security.
The “Two Sessions” meetings of the National People’s Congress and the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference opened in Beijing recently. The Wall Street Journal Chinese website reported today that according to the “Fourteenth Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development and the Outline of Long-Term Goals for 2035 (Draft)” under consideration by the National People’s Congress, the official proposed that domestic R&D expenditures for the next five years should be based on an annual basis. The growth rate of more than 7%. The proportion of this in the gross domestic product (GDP) will be higher than in the previous five years.
The outline also lists 7 strategic areas that are considered essential to “national security and overall development”, including artificial intelligence (AI), quantum computing, integrated circuits, genetic technology, biotechnology, neuroscience, and aerospace ( Space). According to the draft, China plans to establish a national laboratory and strengthen academic projects to incubate and support some of these technologies. Also, vaccines, deep-sea exploration, and speech recognition are listed as development goals.
Chinese Premier Li Keqiang also mentioned at the opening of the National People’s Congress on the 5th that China will revise regulations and policies to support the inflow of venture capital into start-ups, increase bank loans and expand tax incentives to encourage research and development; among them, basic research expenditures at the central level will grow this year. 10.6%, and formulate a 10-year action plan. The Wall Street Journal analyzed that China’s government planning and policy guidelines proposed to increase basic research, which means to compete with the United States; in fact, the field of scientific research is regarded as the key to technological progress, but China traditionally lags behind the United States in this field.
In contrast to the United States’ restrictions on China’s technological development in recent years, it also highlights that Beijing’s emphasis on basic research has the purpose of breaking through the containment of the United States. The US Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer earlier proposed that a bill should be drafted based on a previous proposal in response to China’s rise in technology. This proposal calls for an investment of 100 billion U.S. dollars in basic research in areas such as artificial intelligence and advanced manufacturing within five years to ensure that the United States does not lag behind China.
According to the report, China’s scientific and technological power has grown stronger. A report from Stanford University in the United States this month stated that China has recently surpassed the United States in terms of citations from AI-related journals. According to the research organization International Business Strategies Inc., as of the end of last year, China may have 690,000 5G base stations in use nationwide, compared with only 50,000 in the United States; and China’s latest five-year plan sets the goal of 5G users. The proportion increased to more than 50% and laid the foundation for the 6G network. However, the Wall Street Journal stated that there are still many challenges for China to catch up with the United States in R&D. For example, China has been “compared to” in terms of basic research and R&D funding.
The People’s Daily of the Communist Party of China quoted Ye Yujiang, an official from the Ministry of Science and Technology, as reporting that China’s expenditure on basic research in 2020 will be 150 billion yuan (about NT$650 billion).In contrast, a 2020 report from the National Science Foundation of the United States pointed out that in 2018 the United States spent US$97 billion in basic research (about NT$2.74 trillion), accounting for approximately US total R&D expenditures. Of 17%.