In ‘New perusing of the Jamaica Letter (1999), the Venezuelan history specialist Elias Pino Iturrieta prescribed not giving a lot of significance to Simon Bolivar’s “hostile to Spanish” in the previously mentioned 1815 content, since it was, as he would see it, a distortion With the point of empowering the battle for freedom. In any case, albeit numerous antiquarians have would, in general, disparage the disdain that the savior felt towards Spain, in all actuality he initiated a long convention of assaults against the country that has gone on until now.
If we dissect the international strategy of Hugo Chavez and the current leader of Venezuela, Nicolan Maduro, or of the Castro siblings in Cuba, it is not difficult to perceive how the contemporary Bolivarian development has been remembering that ill will towards Spain for its political talk for quite a long time. It doesn’t make any difference if these declarations are communicated with logical abundances, because the thought of our country as the most exceedingly terrible oppression in history is training with over 200 years of history that we previously found in the progress of Bolívar himself toward the start of the nineteenth century.
“There is no thought in this paper that isn’t firmly connected to that disdain of Spain. Without Hispanophobia, the report essentially would not exist “, safeguards Miguel Saralegui in” The counter Spanishism of the Jamaica Charter: between the authenticity of autonomy and the avocation of the conservative disappointment “(Revista de Indias, 2017). This repugnance was coordinated by the emancipator against the civilizing action» of the Spanish realm after the disclosure of America and comprised the principle backing of his political thought and about his vision of history, similarly that it keeps on being today for Maduro and friends.
Verification of this is the declaration that the current leader of Venezuela made in October, during the festivals of the Day of Indigenous Resistance – previous Hispanic Day – that he planned to change the name of the main interstate in Caracas, called Francisco Fajardo to pay tribute to the victor of Spanish beginning, by that of the Great Chief Guaicaipuro. Another endeavor to eradicate the Spanish heritage, under the appearance that it was anything but a revelation, however, the start of destruction where the natives opposed with blood and fire.
That is the thing that Nicolás Maduro blamed Fajardo for when he reported the difference in name of the roadway, through which a normal of 2,000,000 vehicles pass every day. “Why commend passing and the slaughter against us?” He asked at one of his conventions, where he asked: “to start an interaction to decolonize and recover all open spaces that bear the name of destructive colonizers.” However, some current Venezuelan scholars, like Francisco Suniaga, a supporter of papers, for example, “El Nacional” and “El Universal”, have turned out with regards to this recorded figure, under the assessment that there is no verification that he has submitted a solitary murder.
To this should be included ongoing years the destruction of the sculpture of Christopher Columbus in the focal point of the capital in 2004 and the difference in name of the popular Avila slope, north of Caracas, to Waraira Repano: «Sierra Grande », In native language. Outcomes every one of them of the arrangements connected to the Black Legend of the Bolivarian Government that additionally influenced the Paseo Colón, renamed the Paseo de la Resistencia Indígena or the end, in 2009, of another sculpture of Columbus that was more than 100 years of age and he was in El Calvario park. It was the lone public model of the pioneer left remaining in the city.
The dark legend
There are not a couple of researchers who, as Antonio Gutiérrez Escudero in his article ‘Bolívar y la Carta de Jamaica’ (Araucaria Magazine, 2010), have demanded the connection that exists between this content and the start of the dark legend against Spain so profoundly design still today. The savior had recently portrayed our country as an overwhelming country and unfair. He additionally demanded featuring the supposed overabundances submitted by the vanquishers, the disregard of the settlement, it’s sheltered before, and the failure to comprehend the requests of the homesteaders, to the point that he even anticipated that it would vanish.
As of now, Bolívar’s hostility had not arrived at its totality, even though he previously depicted Spain as the ideal oppression, as “a domain so viably mutilating the free soul that it would have weakened the Americans for effective self-government,” noted Pino Iturrieta in his book. A picture that has been propagated all through the only remaining century, regardless of the way that significant Venezuelan students of the history of the past contradicted the Black Legend – like Caracciolo Parra León, Mario Briceño Iragorry, and Francisco Javier Yanes – guaranteed that the appearance of the Spanish, without denying a few demonstrations of brutality ought to be qualified to assure. In addition to other things, for joining the country into development and the universe of culture and schooling with the production of colleges, the drafting of laws that attempted to manage the treatment of native individuals, the presentation of the print machine, which made the dissemination of in Venezuela from the books of Locke, Rousseau, Voltaire or Condillac, and even freedom itself, which is Spanish and mestizo simultaneously.
Bolívar, as indicated by his “Political and Constitutional Work”, republished in 2007 by the Tecnos distributing house, disagreed without a doubt. “We are as yet overwhelmed by the indecencies that are contracted under the initiative of a country like the Spanish, which has just dominated in savagery, desire, vengeance, and voracity.” With this, the emancipator needed to communicate that the American public had endured “the most noticeably terrible oppression ever”, which had kept them from accomplishing opportunity. «The Americans, in the Spanish framework that is in power and maybe with more prominent power than any time in recent memory, possess no other spot in the public eye than that of serfs and straightforward buyers. This last part, even, justification with stunning limitations, “he added.
“Be instruments of abuse”
For what reason is the Spanish Crown liable for the most noticeably awful oppression in history ?, asked Pino Iturrieta. The appropriate response: «It has nothing to do straightforwardly with the pitilessness of the correctional framework, nor with the assertion of the overall set of laws, but instead with having removed the advancement of political excellencies on American soil. The total absence of lawmakers, that is, of individuals with public excellencies, is the aftereffect of three centuries of Spanish organization in America. Bolívar clarified it by presenting a similar severe character with which he assaulted Spain: Have we had the option to coordinate the fates of our country? The bondage itself, has it been practiced by us? They have not conceded us to be instruments of mistreatment.
For the hero, hence, the gravity of the alleged Spanish oppression came from his obligation regarding having made a people, the Spanish-American, totally unequipped for political life. Furthermore, this thought that America did not have a readied legislative class, just as that Spain was a tyrannical and practically authoritarian state, will stay in Bolívar’s works for a couple of more years. An inquisitive position if we consider that Bolívar himself has been oftentimes blamed for being a tyrant, as an eager protector of the moderate oppression that he was.
Moreover, a year prior, the educator and author Pablo Victoria censured in his book “Bolivarian fear” The Sphere of Books, the uncalled-for killings did by Bolívar during the Emancipation Wars. For instance, the one he did in 1814, a year before he distributed the previously mentioned ‘Carta de Jamaica’ when his soldiers killed an enormous gathering of unprotected and hostage Spaniards in the prisons of Caracas with their sabers. spend ammunition. A slaughter that, in the creator’s assessment, was in no way, shape, or form a detached occasion, yet part of a setup procedure for the all-out end of “the malicious race of Spaniards. Despite this, the Bolivarian insurgency has continually depended on the messianic picture of Simon Bolivar since Chavez’s overthrow in 1992, making him an ideal chief for some Venezuelans. A legend of the country who battled against harsh and destructive Spaniards.