Ingabe izibalo ziyinto yokugembula? Ungakwazi yini ukusebenzisa izibalo ukuze uwine, noma ukuwina kuncike enhlanhleni nekhono lakho? Cishe uke wazibuza ukuthi ingabe uke wazama noma wacabanga ngokugembula. Ukugembula kuwumdlalo owaqala emakhulwini eminyaka edlule futhi kuthiwa ubangelwe yinhlanhla nekhono lomdlali. Ukuvela kokugembula kuholele ekwakhiweni kwamakhasino kanye nenqwaba yemidlalo yama-casino-based namabhonasi afana khulula spin ekubhaliseni akukho idiphozi 2022 uk. Nokho, kuyiqiniso ukuthi ukugembula kwaholela ekuguqukeni kweminye imiqondo yezibalo.

Ngenxa yalokho, kuyiqiniso ukuqaphela ukuthi ukukhula kokugembula kuye kwaholela ekwethulweni kwemiqondo yezibalo. Kusukela emathubeni (izibalo ezivame kakhulu ezihlobene nokugembula) kuya emicabangweni eyinkimbinkimbi, kuyiqiniso ukuthi izibalo zisetshenziselwa ukuwina kakhulu kumakhasino.

Kubalulekile ukwazi ukuthi asikho isidingo sokuthi ube uprofesa wezibalo ukuze uwine ekhasino ekhokha kakhulu ye-inthanethi. Kodwa-ke, ukuqonda imiqondo eyisisekelo yezibalo kubalulekile uma unentshisekelo yokuvuna okukhulu noma ukwandisa amathuba akho okuwina. Lesi sihloko sikutshela okudingeka ukwazi mayelana nokusetshenziswa kwezibalo ekugembuleni nakho konke okuphakathi.

## House Edge by Amakhasino

I-House edge, eyaziwa nangokuthi inzuzo yekhasino, umqondo okhona kuwo wonke umhlaba noma amakhasino aku-inthanethi. Kuyinzuzo yekhasino enayo ngaphezu kwabadlali. Ukukubeka ngamagama alula, iphesenti elenziwa yikhasino kuwo wonke umdlalo oyidlalayo nowuwinayo. Qaphela amaphuzu alandelayo:

• Unqenqema lwendlu ephezulu lusho inkokhelo ephansi kumdlali: Isibonelo, uma amakhasino wediphozithi yedola angcono kakhulu ebeka unqenqema lwendlu ku-2%, lokhu kusho ukuthi kukho konke ukubheja owinile, amakhasino enza u-2% ngakho. Le nzuzo yekhasino isho amathuba aphezulu okuthi ulahlekelwe ngokuhamba kwesikhathi.
• Imidlalo yethebula efana ne-poker, i-baccarat, i-blackjack, ne-roulette, phakathi kweminye imidlalo, iyona evezwe kakhulu kulo mqondo. Lokhu kungakhathaliseki ukuthi iyiphi yekhasino engcono kakhulu eku-inthanethi oyisebenzisayo.

### Ukusetshenziswa Kwamasu Ekugembuleni

Ukusetshenziswa kwamasu okuwina ekugembuleni kwekhasino kwasungulwa kudala. Emakhulwini eminyaka adlule, abantu baqaphela ukuthi ukuwina ekugembuleni kwekhasino kwakungaxhomekile ngokuphelele enhlanhleni. Ngakho-ke abantu baqala ukubala ukuthi bangakwandisa kanjani abawinile futhi banganciki ngokuphelele emathubeni.

UMbusi uClaudius woMbuso WaseRoma wasendulo wabhala incwadi yamasu okuwina lapho udlala amadayisi. Nakuba imiqondo ayivezile ngaleso sikhathi ingase ingasebenzi ngokugcwele namuhla, ukuqonda okunikezwayo kwaba usizo kakhulu ekuthuthukisweni kwemiqondo eyahlukene kamuva.

Ukusetshenziswa kwamathuba nakho kungomunye umqondo owasungulwa emakhulwini eminyaka adlule ukuze usize ngokugembula.

## Imiqondo Yezibalo Ekugembula

Izimiso eziyisisekelo zezibalo kumakhasino zihlanganisa amathuba, inkomba yokuguquguquka, nenani elilindelekile. Le mibono yezibalo yathuthukiswa ukuze kuxazululwe izinkinga zokugembula. Kodwa-ke, kubalulekile ukuqaphela ukuthi imiqondo eyahlukene iyasebenza emidlalweni eyahlukene yasekhasino, futhi izinga lempumelelo nalo lizohluka emidlalweni ehlukene.

## Umqondo wamathuba

Udokotela ongumNtaliyane uGerolamo Cardano wabhala ibhukwana labagembuli mayelana “Nendawo Yesampula” ekhulwini le-16. Lokhu bekungukuzalwa kwethiyori ye-Probability, esetshenziswa kakhulu emiqondweni yeMathematika neFiziksi namuhla. Imanuwali ichaze ukuthi imiphumela uma udlala amadayisi yayingasekelwe nhlobo enhlanhleni; ungakhulisa noma ubikezele ithuba lakho lokuwina.

Umdlalo wamadayisi wawuthandwa kakhulu ngaleso sikhathi, futhi wayengumgembuli ukuphila kwakhe konke. Umqondo wesikhala wesampula uchaze zonke izehlakalo ezingaba khona lapho idayi ijikijelwa. Isibonelo, waphawula ukuthi uma kufa kuphonswa, isikhala sesampula singu-6. Ngakho-ke amathuba obuso (yithi ayisithupha) avele abe ngu-1/6.

## Umqondo Wenani Elilindelwe

Inani elilindelekile liwukuphindaphinda kwamathuba okuthi umcimbi othile wenzeke ngenani lezikhathi umcimbi ukwenzeka ngazo. Ngamanye amazwi, inani elilindelekile libonisa inani eliphelele umdlali alindele ukuliwina noma ukulahlekelwa.

Yasungulwa ngochwepheshe bezibalo u-Blaise Pascal no-Antonie Gombaud ukuze baxazulule inkinga yamaphuzu ahlangatshezwane nawo ekugembuleni. Ngakho, yayisetshenziswa kanjani ekugembuleni? Inqume inani elizotholwa umdlali ngamunye uma umdlalo uphela ngaphambi kokuba noma ubani athole inani elidingekayo lokuwina.

Isibonelo, uma uhlamvu lwemali lujikijelwa futhi noma ubani othola amakhanda amahlanu ewina, kodwa abadlali bayekele igeyimu kumaphuzu angu-4-3, inani elilindelekile lisetshenzisiwe ukuze kunqunywe ukuthi umdlali ngamunye uwina malini.

Lo mqondo uthuthukisiwe futhi usetshenziswa kwezezimali nakwezomnotho ukubala inani elilindelekile lokutshalwa kwezimali. Ngale ndlela, umtshali-zimali angakhetha phakathi kokutshalwa kwezimali okubili anakho ohlwini lwabo.

## I-Volatility Index Concept

Elinye igama lenkomba ye-volatility ukuchezuka okujwayelekile. Inkomba ye-volatility inquma ithuba lokuwina inani elingaphansi noma ngaphezulu kwevelu elindelekile. Ngakho-ke, kulungile ukusho ukuthi inkomba ye-volatility ilinganisa inhlanhla. Abadlali bakhangwa ukugembula amathuba okuwina amanani aphezulu kunenani elilindelekile. Lokhu kungakhathaliseki ukuthi kungenzeka yini ukulahlekelwa okukhulu.

### Ingabe Ukusetshenziswa Kwezibalo Kungakusiza Uphumelele?

Ungakwazi yini ukusebenzisa izibalo ukuze uwine? Impendulo isivele inguyebo. Nakuba ukugembula ngokuyinhloko kubangelwa ikhono nenhlanhla, abantu abaningi bagembula ngenjongo yokuzijabulisa noma ukuhlola inhlanhla yabo. Njengoba kuphawuliwe ekuqaleni, ungasebenzisa izibalo ukuze uwine kakhulu. Ngaphezu kwalokho, akudingeki uthembele ngokuphelele enhlanhleni. Iningi lale midlalo yasekhasino ithuthukiswa kusetshenziswa izimiso zezibalo ezifanayo.

Kusukela ekuqondeni ithiyori yegeyimu kuya kubala amakhadi lapho udlala i-blackjack, izibalo zihlala zidlala indima ebalulekile ekugembuleni. Amasistimu ahlukene nawo athuthukiswe eminyakeni edlule ngabadlali ukuze babasize bawine iziteki ezinkulu kumakhasino:

• Ukubheja enombolweni engaphezu kweyodwa ku-roulette kungenye yezinhlelo.
• Olunye uhlelo lubala inani lamakhadi ukuze kubikezelwe amathuba okuthi ikhadi elithile lizodwetshwa. Leli su lasetshenziswa iqembu labafundi be-MIT ngeminyaka yama-90s ukuwina amakhasino amakhulu e-Las Vegas. Lokhu kusengasetshenziswa emakhasino wanamuhla.

Nokho, lapho udlala kumakhasino, kufanele uqaphele ukuthi ezinye izimiso zezibalo, uma zingasetshenziswa ngokuqapha, zingaholela ekushoneni. Isibonelo salokhu uhlelo lweMartingale. Lesi simiso sithi ukubheja kwakho kabili isikhathi ngasinye lapho ulahlekelwa ukubheja. Ngakho-ke, kungaba ngcono uma ufunda ukulinganisa isu lakho lokubheja futhi wazi ukuthi kuphephile nini ukuyeka ukudlala.

## Isiphetho

Abantu abaningi bangase baphikise ngokuthi inhlanhla hhayi izibalo iyona edingekayo ekugembuleni. Nokho, ukuxhumana phakathi kwezibalo nokugembula kwaqala kudala. Imiqondo eminingi yezibalo iye yasungulwa ukuze kuzanywe ukuxazulula ukugembula. Ngesikhathi esifanayo, ukugembula kuye kwaholela ekuthuthukisweni kwezibalo, njengoba kuphawuliwe ngaphambili. Ngakho-ke, kubalulekile ukuqaphela ukuthi njengoba ukugembula kuncike ekhonweni nasenhlanhleni, okuhlanganisa izibalo ekugembuleni kuzohlale kukhulisa ithuba lakho lokuwina. Ukugembula akubona nje ubuciko kodwa futhi kuyisayensi, futhi izibalo zizokusiza ukuthi uwine.