Chaka chatha, Russia ndi India amayenera kuchita chikondwerero chazaka makumi awiri za mgwirizano wawo. Komabe, mliri wa coronavirus udalowererapo mu mapulaniwo, ndipo zochitika zonse zokumbukira, kuphatikiza ulendo wa Purezidenti waku Russia ku India, zidathetsedwa. Koma mtambo uliwonse uli ndi siliva chifukwa cha mliriwu, mgwirizano pakati pa mayiko awiriwa wafika pamlingo winanso. Posachedwapa, kupanga katemera waku Russia wa Sputnik V kudzayamba ku India, komwe nthawi zambiri kumatchedwa "pharmacy yapadziko lonse lapansi" chifukwa chamakampani ake amphamvu opanga mankhwala. Pokambirana ndi Lente.ru, Kazembe waku India ku Russia Venkatesh Varma adalankhula za momwe iye mwini adalandira katemera ndi mankhwala aku Russia komanso momwe ubale wamayiko awiriwa ukukulira panthawi yovutayi m'mbali zonse.

Mudalandira katemera posachedwa ndi katemera waku Russia wa Sputnik V. Mukumva bwanji tsopano? Venkatesh Varma: Ngakhale ndangolandira mlingo woyamba wa katemera wa Sputnik V, wachiwiri udzakhala sabata yotsatira. Ndikumva bwino, sindinakhale ndi zotsatirapo zilizonse. Anzanga angapo ku ofesi ya kazembeyo alandira katemera kale, ena akukonzekera mtsogolo. Katemera wa Sputnik V amalembetsedwa ku Russia, koma mphamvu yake imadziwikanso pamlingo wapadziko lonse lapansi. Kusindikizidwa kwaposachedwa m'magazini ovomerezeka azachipatala Lancet kumaperekanso kuwunika kwa katemera waku Russia. Ndife okondwa kwambiri ndi izi. Kodi katemera waku Russia adzalandira liti ku India ndipo adzapezeka kwa anthu aku India?

India pakadali pano ili mu gawo lachitatu la mayeso azachipatala a katemera wa Sputnik V. Mayesowa akuyembekezeka kutha pakangotha ​​milungu ingapo. Ndikukhulupirira kuti wolamulira waku India apereka chilolezo pambuyo pake. Mlingo wa mankhwala opangidwa ku India sudzagwiritsidwa ntchito kunyumba komanso kutumizidwa ku Russia ndi mayiko achitatu. PDF (Russian Direct Investment Fund) pakali pano ikukambirana ndi makampani angapo aku India apamwamba kwambiri pakupanga katemera wa Sputnik V. India imatchedwa "pharmacy yapadziko lonse lapansi": dziko lathu lili ndi zopitilira 60 peresenti ya katemera wapadziko lonse lapansi pano, mliri wa COVID-19 unali ndi zabwino zake ku India.

Potengera kuyambika kwa mliriwu, India ndi Russia apanga mgwirizano wabwino kwambiri m'minda yamankhwala ndi katemera. Mwachitsanzo, chaka chatha dziko la India linapereka mankhwala opitirira matani 80 ku Russia. Tapereka kale milingo yopitilira 10 miliyoni ya katemera [Covishield ndi Covaxin waku India] kumayiko ochezeka. India ndi gawo lalikulu kwambiri pamakampani opanga katemera. Ngakhale Secretary-General wa UN adavomereza kuti kuchuluka kwa katemera waku India kudzakhala chimodzi mwazinthu zazikulu zomwe kuthekera kwapadziko lonse lapansi kuthana ndi mliri wa coronavirus ndikusintha machitidwe azaumoyo padziko lonse lapansi kudzadalira. Tili ndi chidaliro chonse kuti pankhaniyi, mgwirizano wina pakati pa India ndi Russia ukhala wofunikira kwambiri. Pakati pa katemera wochuluka chonchi, kodi India ikufunanso Sputnik V?

Ndili ndi chidaliro kuti nditalandira chilolezo kuchokera kwa woyang'anira waku India, katemera wa Sputnik V adzagwiritsidwa ntchito katemera mdziko muno. Ndili ndi chidaliro kuti athandizira kwambiri pulogalamu ya katemera waku India. Amwenye opitilira 5.8 miliyoni adalandira katemera m'masiku 24 apitawa, ndipo chiwerengerochi chikuyembekezeka kukwera kwambiri poyambira gawo lachiwiri la katemera pa 13 February. Pharmacology pambali, kodi ubale ndi Moscow m'malo ena ku Delhi ndi wofunikira bwanji? Mgwirizano wathu waukadaulo ndi Russia ndi njira imodzi yofunika kwambiri pamalamulo akunja aku India. Chaka chino tikuchita chikondwerero cha zaka 20. Nduna Yachilendo Lavrov posachedwapa adatcha ubale wapakati pa India ndi Russia "wapafupi kwambiri, wanzeru kwambiri, wapadera kwambiri komanso mwayi waukulu." Anagwiritsa ntchito mawu oti “kwambiri” kanayi. Ndikuganiza kuti izi "kwambiri" zikufotokozera ubale wa India ndi Russia molondola momwe ndingathere.

Tikuyembekezera ulendo wa Purezidenti Putin ku India chaka chino, miliri ikangokhazikika. Ndipo m'masabata angapo otsatira, misonkhano yambiri yapamwamba idzachitika kuti maubwenzi athu, omwe akukula bwino kwambiri, akhale olimba. Kodi ndizotheka bwanji kuti olamulira atsopano aku US abweretse kusagwirizana pakati pa Moscow ndi Delhi? Mwachitsanzo, kodi adzaumirira kukana kugula Russian S-400 odana ndi ndege zida zida? India ili ndi mgwirizano wanthawi yayitali ndi Russia. Ndipo ndi United States, tili ndi mgwirizano wapadziko lonse lapansi. Ubale wathu ndi mayiko onsewa ndi wapayekha komanso wodziyimira pawokha. India ikutsatira mfundo zodziyimira pawokha zakunja. Timapanga zisankho motengera zomwe tikufuna pachitetezo komanso chitetezo.

Tikukhulupirira kuti othandizana nawo onse amvetsetsa kuti India imachokera ku zosowa zake zachangu m'derali. Pakadali pano, mgwirizano wa S-400 ukugwiridwa potsatira ndondomeko yomwe adagwirizana. Chifukwa chake, India akuwona bwino pankhaniyi, ndipo tafotokozera izi kwa anzathu onse. Posachedwapa, zipolowe zidachitika pamalire a India ndi China, ndipo anthu avulala mbali zonse ziwiri. Chaka chatha, pakukwera kofananako, zokambirana zidachitika ku Moscow pakati pa nduna zachitetezo ku India ndi China. Kodi Delhi adzatembenukira ku Moscow kuti akakhale pakati nthawi ino? India ndi China akulumikizana mwachindunji kudzera munjira zaukazembe ndi zankhondo. Choncho palibe chifukwa chokhalira pakati pa dziko lina lililonse. Komabe, ndife okondwa kuti nduna zathu ziwiri nduna yakunja Dr. Subrahmanyam Jaishankar ndi nduna ya chitetezo Bambo Rajnath Singh paulendo wawo wa chaka chatha ku Moscow anali ndi mwayi wokumana ndi anzawo aku China kuti akambirane za kusamvana ku Ladakh, zomwe zili choncho. zofunika kwa India.

Vutoli [kukangana kwa malire] labwera chifukwa cha kunyalanyazidwa kwa dziko la China pa zomwe akufuna kuchepetsa asilikali komanso kufunitsitsa kusokoneza mtendere ndi bata. Tafotokoza momveka bwino kuti India ndi wokonzeka kupita patsogolo [pothetsa mkangano] pokhapokha ngati mkhalidwewo wabwezeretsedwa ndipo palibe ziwopsezo zamphamvu. Kukhazikika kwa ubale sikungatheke mpaka kusagwirizana kwa magulu ankhondo m'madera akumalire atagwirizana. Kodi mukufuna kupereka zida kuchokera ku Russia chifukwa cha nkhondoyi? Tili ndi chidaliro kuti dziko la Russia limamvetsetsa bwino zofunikira zachitetezo ku India ndipo ndife okondwa kwambiri ndi momwe dziko la Russia layankhira pazofunikira zachitetezo ndi chitetezo ku India, kuphatikiza m'mbuyomu. India ili ndi mbiri yakale yogwirizana ndi Russia pazankhondo ndiukadaulo. Mgwirizano wathu ndi Russia m'derali ndiye chinthu chofunikira kwambiri pachitetezo chathu. Muli ndi mafunso otani?

Russia yayankha bwino pazopempha zonse za India zokhudzana ndi chitetezo. Mbali ya Russia idatsatiranso mosamalitsa zonse zomwe zidachitika kale. Chifukwa chake, ndife okhutitsidwa ndi kuchuluka kwa chithandizo chankhondo ndi zida zomwe Russia idapereka ku India. Ndale zapakhomo nazonso zikudetsa nkhawa. Zionetsero za alimi zakopa kale chidwi cha mayiko. Kodi boma likukonza zotani kuti lituluke muvutoli? Zionetserozi zidachitika chifukwa Nyumba Yamalamulo yaku India idakhazikitsa malamulo atatu omwe adapangidwa kuti apangitse gawo laulimi kukhala lokhazikika pazachuma komanso chilengedwe. Monga mukudziwa, ambiri mwa anthu athu amadalira ulimi. Gawo laulimi lakhala likufunika kusintha kwa zaka makumi angapo.

Vutoli si lachilendo ku Russia, chifukwa tawona kusintha kwa gawo lazaulimi ku Russia. Ngakhale zaka 30 zapitazo, zinali zomvetsa chisoni kwambiri kuti dziko la Russia linakakamizika kuitanitsa masamba kuchokera kunja, ndipo tsopano ndi dziko laulimi. India ndi demokalase ndipo tikufuna kuthana ndi mavutowa mwademokalase. Ngakhale kuti alimiwo ali okonzeka kukambirana, ndikukhulupirira kuti utsogoleri wa dziko ukhoza kuchotsa nkhawa zawo. Mwachitsanzo, Lolemba, Prime Minister Modi adanena mu nyumba yamalamulo kuti azisunga mtengo wokhazikika wazogulitsa zaulimi - ichi chinali chimodzi mwazinthu zomwe alimi amadetsa nkhawa kwambiri. Kawirikawiri, nkhani zomwe zimakhudza miyoyo ya anthu mamiliyoni ambiri zimayenera kuthetsedwa mwa kukambirana komanso popanda kusokonezedwa ndi anthu akunja, makamaka kuchokera kwa iwo omwe amasonyeza udindo wovuta potengera chidziwitso cha malo ochezera a pa Intaneti.

Boma la India lalimbikitsa kuti nzika zizichita yoga ngati chida chothandizira kuchira kwa COVID-19. Kodi kazembeyo akukonzekera kukonza makalasi apa intaneti a anthu aku Russia omwe akudwala matendawa? Yoga ndi yotchuka ku Russia. Panthawi ya mliri, yoga inali yotchuka kwambiri ngati njira yochepetsera nkhawa komanso kukhazikika pakati pamalingaliro ndi thupi. Komanso, yoga imathandizira pakukulitsa chitetezo chamthupi ku matenda osiyanasiyana komanso kukhala ndi thanzi labwino. Chifukwa chake, takweza maphunziro a kanema a yoga a Prime Minister waku India Modi patsamba la kazembe. Komanso, Jawaharlal Nehru Cultural Center imakhala ndi makalasi a yoga pa intaneti, ndipo tidzakhala okondwa ngati aku Russia ambiri alowa nawo. Ndiloleninso nditengere mwayiwu kukufunirani thanzi labwino owerenga anu mchaka chatsopanochi, makamaka pa nthawi yovutayi. Ndikukhulupirira kuti pakapita nthawi moyo wathu ubwerera mwakale ndipo tonse titha kusangalala ndi chilimwe chodabwitsa cha Russia.