Gwamnan Sao Paulo Joao Doria ya yi kuka yayin da yake gaishe da ma'aikaciyar jinya Monica Calazans, 'yar shekara 54, bayan da ta samu allurar rigakafin COVID-19 da kamfanin Sinovac Biotech Ltd na kasar Sin ya samar, a asibitin das Clinicas da ke Sao Paulo, Brazil, Lahadi, 17 ga Janairu. , 2021. (Hoto AP/Carla Carniel)

Adadin wadanda suka mutu sakamakon rikice-rikicen da coronavirus ya haifar ya kai miliyoyin a duniya. Jama’a sun gaji da kulle-kulle da rashin aikin yi suna fita zanga-zanga, kuma fatan ganin an shawo kan annobar tare da yin allurar rigakafin cutar a duniya da alama yana narkewa a gaban idanunmu har yanzu magungunan ba su samuwa ga kowa da kowa kuma da wuya lamarin ya canza nan ba da jimawa ba. An kara da wannan akwai wasu matsalolin masu damfara suna satar kudin da aka yi nufin wadanda rikicin ya rutsa da su kuma suna sayar da alluran rigakafi na jabu kuma WHO ta yi hasashen bullar cutar kanjamau fiye da coronavirus. Lenta.ru ya gano dalilin da yasa COVID-19 ya zama irin wannan gwaji mai mahimmanci ga duk duniya kuma ko yana da daraja fatan dawowa cikin sauri zuwa tsohuwar rayuwa.

Fushi na Adalci

Ina nan domin ina ganin abin da ke faruwa gaba daya ba daidai ba ne. Wannan duk ya faru ne saboda kwayar cutar da a zahiri ta kashe mutane da yawa. Kuma wani yanzu yana mutuwa, yana fama da yunwa, ba ya iya yin aiki da wadata kansa. Don haka a, bana jin wannan duka al'ada ce, daya daga cikin masu zanga-zangar a zanga-zangar adawa da takunkumin coronavirus a Brussels ya yi irin wannan sanarwa. An kawo karshen tattakin na lumana tare da tsare mutane kusan 500, kuma mahalarta taron sun gano wasu abubuwa da ba a saba yin su ba don ayyukan lumana, misali, na'urorin fasaha na pyrotechnics da wukake.

Baya ga Belgium, mazauna Denmark, Austria, Netherlands, Slovenia, Faransa, da Spain sun fara zanga-zangar a cikin 2021. Yawancinsu sun yi imanin cewa kulle-kullen ba ya taimakawa wajen yaƙar yaduwar COVID-19. A lokaci guda kuma, galibi suna bayyana ra'ayoyinsu ba tare da taimakon pyrotechnics da wukake ba. Misali, ma'aikatan al'adu na Faransa sun yi liyafa don kiɗan lantarki a birnin Perpignan, kuma masu zanga-zangar Biritaniya sun tashi, ba don rabe ba, amma ga mashaya, mazauna Oxford sun taru don wani gangami suna neman a ƙarshe buɗe wuraren shan giya.

“Gwamnati har yanzu ba ta samar da gamsassun hujjoji cewa mashaya sune manyan hanyoyin kamuwa da cuta ba. A cikin ɗaya daga cikin zaɓen, gabaɗaya an bayyana cewa sun kai kashi uku cikin ɗari na kamuwa da cuta - waɗannan ƙananan lambobi ne. Mu kasance masu gaskiya, in ba haka ba, muna cikin hadarin rasa wani muhimmin bangare na rayuwar Birtaniyya, in ji Dave Richardson, mai magana da yawun kungiyar Burtaniya mai zaman kanta kan bunkasa ale da mashaya gargajiya (CAMRA), ga manema labarai.

Kalmomin masu zanga-zangar suna da nasu gaskiyar: yanayin COVID-19 ana kiransa annoba a cikin Maris 2020 - kusan shekara guda da ta gabata, amma har yanzu ba a sami izini ba. Da yawa suna zuwa tarurruka saboda rashin bege: mutane sun rasa ayyukansu da haƙuri. Misali, Kungiyar Kwadago ta Duniya (ILO) ta bayar da rahoton cewa, yawan lokutan aiki a duniya a lokacin da aka yi tashin gwauron zabi na farko ya ragu da kwatankwacin ayyukan yi miliyan 500, kuma abin da ake samu da kashi 10 cikin dari. Adadin Amurkawa da ke karɓar Tamburan Abinci ya ƙaru da kashi 20 cikin ɗari a cikin shekarar da ta gabata (daga miliyan 36 zuwa miliyan 44). Hakanan, lafiyar kwakwalwar mutane ta sha wahala. Dangane da Cibiyar Kula da Cututtuka da Cututtuka ta Amurka, yawancin mutane da yawa sun kamu da alamun damuwa da damuwa daga Afrilu zuwa Yuni 2020 fiye da daidai wannan lokacin na 2019. Misali, a cikin 2019, kusan kashi 19.1 na manya na Amurka sun ba da rahoton cewa sun kamu da cutar. rashin damuwa. A cikin 2020, adadin ya karu zuwa 30.9 - abin lura cewa wannan bayanan shine kawai rabin farkon shekara, kuma a ƙarshen shekara adadin mutanen da ke fama da rikice-rikice na iya ƙara ƙaruwa.

Wasu sun lura cewa sun lura da tabarbarewar yanayin su yayin kulle-kullen, don haka fushin masu zanga-zangar neman kawo karshen tsaurara matakan yakar COVID-19 abu ne mai fahimta. Ina tsammanin keɓewar babban mafarki ne. Na riga na sami matsalolin lafiyar kwakwalwa daga raunin kwakwalwa, kuma saboda haka, ina buƙatar motsi da yawa kowace rana. Kuma keɓewar yana nufin ba za ka iya ganin abokanka ba, zuwa mashaya ko wurin motsa jiki, in ji Ricky Frost daga Middlesbrough, Ingila.

Koyaya, har yanzu mutane ba su yi daidai da fushinsu ba: tun farkon 2020, an sami rahoton kamuwa da cuta sama da miliyan 109 a duniya, kuma wasu mutane miliyan 2.4 sun mutu. A cikin ƙasashe da yawa, tsarin kiwon lafiya kawai ba zai iya ci gaba da matsin lamba ba: wasu asibitoci suna ƙarewa da iskar oxygen kuma likitocin sun cire haɗin marasa lafiya daga injin iska, suna barin su mutu. Kuma da kyar hukumomi ba su son sadaukar da ci gaban tattalin arziki saboda ci gaba da kulle-kulle, rufe fuska, da nisa don musanya rayuka da aka ceci da alama sun kasance mafi ƙarancin mugunta.

Kamar yadda suke faɗa a Amurka, akwai haske a ƙarshen ramin. Mun riga mun yi ƙoƙarin gabatar da ƴan hane-hane kamar yadda zai yiwu, kodayake muna la'akari da girman yaduwar cutar a cikin al'ummomin yankin, in ji George Rutherford, farfesa a fannin cututtukan cututtuka a Jami'ar California, San Francisco.

A Bar Wuta Ta Tafi

Har yanzu akwai bege don dawowa cikin sauri zuwa rayuwa ta al'ada, kuma suna sanya shi akan alluran rigakafi. Tarayyar Turai tana tsammanin kashi 70 cikin 2021 na al'ummar kasar za su karɓi maganin nan da bazara na 19 wannan ya kamata ya taimaka haɓaka haɓakar rigakafi tare da rage haɗarin yaduwar COVID-2020 zuwa ƙasa. Turai ta riga ta sanya hannu kan kwangila tare da masu samar da alluran rigakafi guda shida BioNTech / Pfizer, AstraZeneca, Sanofi-GSK, Johnson & Johnson, CureVac, da Moderna. Har ila yau, kungiyar ta nemi rajista na Rasha Sputnik V. Alurar rigakafin yawan jama'a a cikin Tarayyar Turai, wanda aka sanya bege da yawa, ya fara a watan Disamba XNUMX kuma ya kasa.

Duk da cewa an fara haɗin gwiwa, ƙasashen ƙungiyar sun kasa yin allurar rigakafin yawan mazauna. Tun daga ranar 27 ga Janairu, jagora dangane da mutane 100 don yin rigakafin Denmark (3.7), Slovenia (2.9), da Ireland (2.9). Don kwatanta, adadin allurar rigakafi a Isra'ila a wancan lokacin shine 38, kuma a cikin UAE - 22.7.

Tuni a ranar 15 ga Janairu, Pfizer ya ba da sanarwar yanke shawarar rage wadatar da magungunan zuwa ƙasashen Turai yayin da ake haɓaka samarwa: alal misali, fiye da allurai dubu 36 na rigakafin za su isa Norway kaɗai maimakon 43.8 dubu da aka tsara. Daga baya an san cewa AstraZeneca kuma ba za ta iya isar da adadin alluran rigakafinta da ake sa ran zuwa kasashen Turai ba, alal misali, Austria za ta sami sau uku kasa da dubu 600 da ake tsammani maimakon miliyan biyu.

Ya bayyana cewa da wuya EU ta iya samun alluran rigakafi miliyan 100 a cikin watanni uku na farkon wannan shekara, kamar yadda aka tsara tun farko. Masu kera - musamman AstraZeneca - ana zargin su da rashin aiki. Kwamishiniyar lafiya ta Tarayyar Turai Stella Kyriakides ta ce tattaunawar da mahukuntan ba ta haifar da komai ba, kuma kamfanin ba zai iya bayyana a fili dalilin da ya sa aka jinkirta jigilar kayayyaki ba. AstraZeneca ta baratar da kanta da matsaloli a masana'antu (musamman, a Belgium da Netherlands), kuma a cikin martani ta sami buƙatun samar da magani da aka kera a Burtaniya. Gudanarwa ya tuna cewa wannan shuka tana cika odar London don allurai miliyan 100.

Sai dai bayan haka, shugabar Hukumar Tarayyar Turai, Ursula von der Leyen, ta yarda cewa shugabancin kungiyar ya yi kurakurai da dama, wanda a zahiri ya kai ga gazawar allurar rigakafin. Mun sami izini [don allurar rigakafi daga Hukumar Kula da Magunguna ta Turai] ya yi latti. Kuma, tabbas, sun kasance da tabbacin cewa magungunan za su zo akan lokaci. Yanzu muna bukatar mu tambayi kanmu dalilin da ya sa hakan ya faru kuma mu fahimci darasin da za mu iya koya daga wannan yanayin. Amma ba batun masana'antu ba ne kawai ke yin katsalandan ga tsare-tsaren kula da kamuwa da cuta na EU. Wata tambayar ita ce ta yaya suke da tasiri a kan sabbin nau'ikan, gami da maye gurbi daga Burtaniya, Afirka ta Kudu, da Brazil. Masana na fargabar cewa wadannan bambance-bambancen na kwayar cutar suna yaduwa cikin sauki, wanda hakan zai iya haifar da karuwar cututtuka, mace-mace, da asibitoci.

Kamfanonin Rasha na Sputnik V da EpiVacCorona, duk da haka, sun riga sun tabbatar da ingancin alluran rigakafin maye gurbi na Burtaniya na coronavirus. BioNTech / Pfizer yayi wannan bayanin. Koyaya, Farfesa Rutherford ya yi imanin cewa ya yi wuri a tabbatar da hakan da tabbaci. Akwai karatun farko kawai da ke kimanta tasirin alluran rigakafi a kan waɗannan sabbin nau'ikan, kuma a - da alama magungunan da ke hana kamuwa da cuta tare da wasu daga cikinsu ba su da tasiri (misali, Afirka ta Kudu da Brazil). Har yanzu suna iya taimakawa hana kai asibiti da mutuwa, kodayake ya yi wuri a yi magana game da shi.

Masanin ya kara da cewa: kar a zubar da abin rufe fuska da safar hannu har abada kuma ku rungumi masu wucewa, koda bayan allurar. Ko ta yaya, har yanzu akwai damar kasancewa cikin wadanda ba a yi musu allurar rigakafi ba, da daukar kwayar cutar daga gare su, a dawo da su gida, tare da yin barazana ga rayuwa da lafiyar 'yan uwa. Masanin ilimin kwayoyin halitta Irina Yakutenko ya nuna wata matsala: ban da nau'o'in da aka riga aka sani, ƙarin bambance-bambancen da ba su da kyau na iya bayyana. Ba gaskiya ba ne cewa alluran rigakafin za su yi aiki a kansu su ma. Sabbin nau'ikan na iya tserewa gaba ɗaya rigakafin rigakafin da alluran rigakafi suka haifar ko kuma wata cuta da ta gabata ta haifar da bambance-bambancen ƙwayoyin cuta a baya. Sannan abubuwa za su yi muni sosai. Domin ya zama wajibi a gyara alluran rigakafin da ake da su, don sake yi wa wadanda aka riga aka yi wa allurar rigakafi; Hatsarin kuma zai yi barazana ga wadanda suka yi rashin lafiya, in ji masanin halittu.

Liquid Gold-2021

Wata matsalar rigakafin da ake jira a gani ita ce laifi. Interpol ta yi imanin cewa maharan sun riga sun tsananta kuma suna kira ga 'yan kasar da su kula da gidajen yanar gizon da za su iya siyar da magungunan jabu da gwajin COVID-19. Da alama gajiyar gabaɗaya daga cutar ta ba da gudummawa ga gaskiyar cewa mutane suna yin kasada, don kawai su sami magani da wuri-wuri kuma su manta da haɗarin coronavirus har abada - kuma su faɗa cikin tarkon masu laifi. Babban misali shi ne mutanen China, waɗanda suka yi layi ko da don rigakafin da ba a yarda da su ba. Mutane sun biya daruruwan daloli ba kawai don maganin kanta ba har ma don wani wuri a cikin layin rigakafin. Ba da daɗewa ba, ’yan kasuwa masu wayo a China sun fara yin jabun alluran rigakafi. Hukumomin yankin sun kama masu damfarar a farkon watan Fabrairu.

Babban Sakatare Janar na Interpol Jurgen Stock ya kira allurar rigakafin cutar coronavirus na 2021. A cewarsa, a bana masu laifi za su yi ƙoƙari ba kawai su saci alluran rigakafi da sayar da wurare a cikin layi ba amma har ma su saya su don a yi musu rigakafin da wuri-wuri. Matsaloli masu tsanani game da aikata laifuka da alluran rigakafi suma suna wanzu a Italiya, inda dangin mafia ke aiki. Sha'awar mafia ga alluran rigakafi saboda yawan buƙatu da ƙarancin buƙata a matakin farko na rigakafin, in ji ma'aikatar harkokin cikin gida ta ƙasar. Masu laifin sun riga sun sami riba daga kudaden da aka ware don tallafawa tattalin arzikin Italiya yayin rikicin coronavirus, kuma da wuya su tsaya a can.

Ana fargabar mafia musamman a kudancin kasar dangin Ndrangheta mafia suna aiki sosai a yankin Calabria, wanda aka amince da shi a matsayin yankin jajayen coronavirus a farkon Nuwamba 2020. Ndrangheta da COVID-19 annoba ne guda biyu. Ko da bayan kawar da kwayar cutar tare da taimakon alluran rigakafi, yaƙi da mafia zai kasance a gare mu, kuma zai daɗe, in ji magidanci Filippo Collandro, wanda ke zaune a Calabria. Mai gabatar da rediyon Siani kuma mai fafutukar yaki da mafia Giuseppe Scognamillo ne ya yi masa raddi. Ya yi imanin cewa yanzu kungiyoyin za su yi kokarin kwace wani yanki na kudaden da aka ware don yakar cutar - kuma wannan Euro biliyan 13.5 ne daga Asusun Farko na Turai na Italiya.

Muna cikin matsananciyar damuwa saboda yanayin [tare da coronavirus] ya riga ya zama ban mamaki. Muna tsoron cewa a karshe za a kashe kudaden ba don amfanin yankuna da 'yan kasa ba. Kabilar sun sami nasara wajen yin sata daga kudade daban-daban, kuma sun san sarai yadda, a ina, da kuma wa za su matsa lamba don samun abin da suke so, in ji Skonyamillo. Babu wanda ya yi mamakin cewa mafia ta dade da ware wasu kudade masu yawa don yaki da matsalolin tattalin arziki ko sakamakon bala'o'i: Italiyanci sun dade da sanin rashin aikin hukumomin gida, suna barin shi da kansa.

Matsalolin mafia ba su takaitu ga alluran rigakafi ko kuɗi ba. Dukkanin filin kiwon lafiya na fuskantar barazana: Mafiosi har ma sun hana ma'aikatan motar daukar marasa lafiya amfani da sirens da tashoshi masu walƙiya, yayin da suke tsoratar da dillalan ƙwayoyi da abokan cinikin su. Sauran wuraren kuma sun fada cikin yankin haɗari: sayar da abinci, sabis na jana'izar, yawon shakatawa, sufuri, nishaɗi.

Domino Game

Ko da kungiyar EU ta yi nasarar aiwatar da shirin na yanzu na yi wa al'umma rigakafin, wannan ba yana nufin cewa Faransawa za su iya yin gaggawar zuwa ga rabe da Burtaniya - zuwa mashaya ba. Masana na WHO sun lura cewa ko da tare da babban matakin allurar rigakafi, akwai yuwuwar sake barkewar cutar. Wataƙila, COVID-19 ba zai taɓa ƙarewa ba kwata-kwata. Mutane da yawa sun kamu da cutar, kwayar cutar ta yadu sosai. Mafi mahimmanci, sannu a hankali zai canza zuwa wani nau'i mai rauni kuma zai shafi yara da farko, waɗanda za su sami rigakafi a hankali.

Koyaya, ko da ingantacciyar tsinkaya ta zama nasara ta ƙarshe akan ƙwayar cuta ko aƙalla ja da baya - ɗan adam na iya fuskantar wani abu mafi muni fiye da sabbin nau'ikan. Misali, hukumar ta WHO tana tsoron bullar cutar bakteriya masu jure wa magungunan kashe kwayoyin cuta. Tuni dai kungiyar ta sanar da cewa, wannan juriyar za ta kasance daya daga cikin manyan abubuwa goma da ke barazana ga lafiyar dan Adam. A cewar alkaluma na farko, nan da shekara ta 2050, irin wadannan cututtuka na iya kashe rayuka har miliyan goma a shekara, kuma yaduwarsu za ta yi asarar tattalin arzikin duniya dala tiriliyan 100 a shekara. Hukumar ta WHO ta yi gargadin cewa idan ba a yi komai ba, nan da shekara ta 2050, mace-mace daga kamuwa da cutar kansa za ta kai ga mutuwa daga cutar kansa.

Ana kiran cutar ta COVID-19 sau da yawa magudanar ruwa daga abin da sabuwar gaskiya ta fara: sun ce, kafofin watsa labaru sun fara yin kuskuren sakamakon bincike da shuka tsoro, kasuwancin suna kokawa don daidaitawa, kuma masu laifi sun fito da sabbin hanyoyin yaudarar mutane. Amma, watakila, ya kamata a kula da gaskiyar cewa maharan koyaushe suna cin riba daga waɗanda abin ya shafa, 'yan kasuwa a duniya sun shiga cikin rikici fiye da ɗaya, kuma ana iya shuka tsoro ba tare da coronavirus ba har ma ba tare da kafofin watsa labarai ba.

Haɗuwa da sabon kamuwa da cuta ya bayyana tsofaffin matsalolin kuma ya tsananta sakamakonsu. Barkewar cutar ta kashe mutane da yawa fiye da yadda kididdigar ta nuna, kawai saboda ba ta haɗa da waɗanda coronavirus ya shafa a kaikaice ba. Barkewar cutar ta kara ta'azzara rashin daidaito a duniya adadin talakawa ya karu da miliyan 400, yayin da adadin masu hannu da shuni ke ci gaba da karuwa. Haka kuma, adadin masu fama da yunwa ya ninka a cikin shekara daga miliyan 135 zuwa miliyan 270.

Duk wannan bai taso daga ko'ina ba a lokaci guda da kwayar cutar ta COVID-19 maimakon ta haifar da tasirin domino kuma ta shafi yankuna da yawa na rayuwa fiye da yadda ake tsammanin dawowa a cikin Maris 2020. A irin wannan yanayin, yana da wahala. don fahimtar matakan da suka dace da waɗanda ba su da kyau. A ƙarshe, ko da rashin gamsuwar jama'a zai iya yin yawa daidai a cikin waɗannan ƙasashe da aka rufe babban filin jirgin sama saboda mutum ɗaya da ya kamu da cutar, da kuma waɗanda ba a aiwatar da matakan rigakafin cutar koda bayan ɗaruruwan mutane sun kamu da cutar. Alurar riga kafi na Coronavirus ba za su taimaka wajen jimre wa talauci ba da aika Mafiosi zuwa kurkuku. Shin mai zanga-zangar Brussels ya fusata da kwayar cutar da ta kashe mutane da yawa a zahiri daidai ne? Shin ba zai fi kyau mu daina fatan komawa rayuwa ta yau da kullun ba idan ba a taɓa kasancewa ba? Wataƙila ya kamata a tambayi mutanen garin da suka fusata game da wannan daga baya lokacin da adadin waɗanda suka mutu daga coronavirus, daga alluran rigakafin jabu da kamuwa da cuta ba su da ƙaranci.