What advantage is there to using prepared statements if I am using connection pooling or closing the connection frequently to avoid resource/connection/cursor limitations?

Joe Sam Shirah

The ability to choose the 'best' efficiency ( or evaluate tradeoffs, if you prefer, ) is, at times, the most important piece of a mature developer's skillset. This is YAA ( Yet Another Area, ) where that maxim applies. Apparently there is an effort to allow prepared statements to work 'better' with connection pools in JDBC 3.0, but for now, one loses most of the original benefit of prepared statements when the connection is closed. A prepared statement obviously fits best when a statement differing only in variable criteria is executed over and over without closing the statement.

However, depending on the DB engine, the SQL may be cached and reused even for a different prepared statement and most of the work is done by the DB engine rather than the driver. In addition, prepared statements deal with data conversions that can be error prone in straight ahead, built on the fly SQL; handling quotes and dates in a manner transparent to the developer, for example.

Portions of this answer are based on input from William Crawford and Craig R. McClanahan.